2017 CUGH Conference
 

Download Program-at-a-Glance here



Day 1: Friday, April 7, 2017

Registration desk opens at 8am

08:30am – 09:00am


WELCOME
Room:
International Ballroom Center

Speakers:

Pierre Buekens, CUGH Board Chair

Keith Martin, Conference Co-Chair; Executive Director, CUGH

Patricia Davidson, Conference Chair; CUGH Board

Nelson Sewankambo, Conference Chair; CUGH Board


9:00am – 10:30am


PS01: PLENARY SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom Center

Megatrends in Global Health

The Sustainable Development Goals have superseded the Millennium Develop Goals. However, old threats persist and new ones, from non-communicable diseases to massive environmental degradation and climate change are upon us. Enormous political changes are creating a great deal of uncertainty in the global health community. Yet, in this uncertain environment, opportunities exist. This panel of renowned global health leaders will discuss megatrends in global health and opportunities global health practitioners have to impact challenges the world faces. 

Moderator: Keith Martin, Executive Director, CUGH, USA

Speakers:

Mark Dybul, Executive Director, Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Switzerland

Patricia Davidson, Dean, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Victor Dzau, President, National Academy of Medicine, USA

Hester Klopper, Vice Rector, Stellenbosch University, South Africa 

10:30am – 11:00am


HEALTH BREAK
Rooms:
Columbia Foyer & Concourse Foyer

Exhibits & Network

11:00am – 12:30pm


CS01: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom East

Measuring the World’s Health: Findings and Lessons from the Global Burden of Disease Collaboration

The annual Global Burden of Disease study quantifies health loss from all major diseases, injuries, and risk factors by age, sex, and population. With more than 2,000 collaborators in nearly 130 nations, the GBD examines 300-plus diseases and injuries and about 80 risk factors in every country studied, as well as subnational assessments in several countries. Richard Horton has called the GBD “a very powerful instrument…for transformation socially, economically, and indeed politically.” Join us for an interactive discussion on the GBD, including key results from the latest cycle, policy applications of the study, and the success and reach of the collaborative network.

Moderator: Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief, The Lancet, UK

Speakers:

Christopher J. L. Murray, Director, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, USA

Awoke Misaganaw, Burden of Disease Adviser, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Clinical Assistant Professor, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, USA

John Newton, Chief Knowledge Officer, Public Health England, UK

Nafsiah Mboi, Envoy of the Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance, Indonesia



CS02: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom West

Implementation Science: The Signature Science of Global Health

Implementation science is of critical importance to global health. It allows us to address hard questions such as how best to translate new findings into practice in different settings and how and why health interventions lose efficacy over time or sometimes display unintended effects. Extending the reach of implementation science and ensuring its success relies on finding innovative ways to build research capacity enhanced communication between implementation scientists, decision makers and program implementers. These collaborations will be critical to speed the translation of effective interventions into programs and policies and to understanding important questions for implementation science.

Moderator: Nalini Anand, Director, Center for Global Health Studies, Fogarty International Center, NIH, USA

Speakers:

Judith N. Wasserheit, Chair, Dept. of Global Health, University of Washington, USA

Peter Cherutich, Deputy Director of Medical Services, Ministry of Health, Kenya

Laura Guay, Professor, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, USA

Echezona Ezeanolue, Vice-Chair, Pediatrics Research, University of Nevada School of Medicine, USA

Kathryn Whetten, Director, Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University, USA



CS03: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Lincoln E/W

Healthy and Sustainable Food Systems for 9 Billion People

How can we ensure that 9 billion people can eat in a healthy, affordable, and sustainable way? The panellists will introduce key challenges that food systems face today and will discuss major challenges and potential solutions for nourishing over 9 billion people in 2050. They will touch on environmental sustainability and the role of One Health. Key priorities for policy interventions will be shared.

Moderator: Pauline Scheelbeek, Research Fellow, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK

Jessica Fanzo, Associate Professor of Ethics and Global Food & Agriculture, Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Speakers:

Francesca Harris, Research Assistant, Nutrition and Sustainability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK

Juan Lubroth, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy

Bruce Friedrich, Executive Director, The Good Food Institute, USA

 


CS04: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Georgetown

Pedagogical Paradigms in Global Health: An Overview of Theory, Tools, and Innovations

Demand for global health education programs and international field experiences is growing exponentially and global health educators must employ tools beyond traditional didactics to facilitate the transformative learning necessary for their students. In this symposium, members from the CUGH Education Sub-Committees and other academic program directors will describe these specific pedagogical techniques and theories, their successful implementation and will present data on student outcomes. After reviewing these resources, the moderators will discuss the importance of these educational methods in terms of key outcomes and discuss ways they can be incorporated into curriculum design at various levels of learning. 

Moderator: Ashti Doobay-Persaud, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University, USA

Speakers:

Jessica Evert, Executive Director, Child Family Health International, USA

Phuoc Le, Associate Professor, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, USA

Kearsley (Karrie) Stewart, Associate Professor, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University

Anvar Velji, Associate Dean of Global Health, California University of Science and Medicine, USA

Janis P. Tupesis, Graduate Medical Education Liaison, Global Health Institute, University of Wisconsin Madison, USA

 


CS05: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Monroe

Oral Abstract Presentations | NCDs & Social Determinants of Health

Moderator: Jeremy Schwartz, Assistant Professor, Yale School of Medicine, USA

·       Are the WHO ‘Best Buys’ for NCDs Effective in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries?
Luke Allen, University of Oxford, UK

·       Measuring Health Literacy to Advance Global Health Research: A Study in 14 Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
Douglas Wiebe, University of Pennsylvania, USA

·       Home Hospice Program in Nepal: A Low Cost Service in a Low Income Country Through Non-Profit Collaboration
Binay Shah, University of Washington, USA

 

·       Estimating the Potential Effects of Increasing the Tax on Tobacco in Armenia: Results from an Extended Cost Effectiveness Analysis

Iryna Postolovska, Harvard T. Chan School of Public Health, USA

·       Implementation of an Integrated Multi-Specialty Poison Control Center in India
Timothy Erickson, Harvard medical School, USA

 


CS06: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Cabinet

Oral Abstract Presentations | Governance & Political Decision Making

Moderator: Mireille Aramati, Assistant Professor of Global Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, USA

·       Accountability in Malaria Prevention and Treatment Financing Programs: Addressing Current Challenges
Georges Danhoundo, York University, Canada

·       Post-partum Detention of Insolvent Women and Their Newborns, Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2016
Abel Ntambue, University of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo

·       Decision Makers’ Perspectives on Implementation of Governance Attributes in the Department of Health, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya
Jackline Sitienei, Wits and Moi University, Kenya

 

·       Can a Multi-Stakeholder Initiative Improve Transparency and Accountability in the Pharmaceutical Sector? Evidence from the Medicines Transparency Alliance
Jillian Kohler, University of Toronto, Canada

·       Politics and Leadership in Global Health Delivery: Lessons from South Africa’s National HIV and Health Insurance Initiatives
Keri Wachter, Harvard University, USA

 


CS07: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Columbia 3/4/6

Health Workers in Conflict Zones: The Nature of the Crisis and What Can be Done

Attacks on health workers and facilities have become alarming common in conflicts throughout the world.  In 2015, the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition and the World Health Organization showed that such attacks took place in at least 16 countries.  In Syria, where, over the course of the war, 400 attacks on more than 275 health facilities have taken place, and more than 750 health workers have been killed.  This session will address the patterns of attacks on health care, the relationships to civilian casualties generally, the consequences of attacks to both individuals and health systems, and steps the international community has taken and must take to prevent attacks and to end impunity for those who commit them.

Moderator: Leonard Rubenstein, Senior Scientist, Johns Hopkins University Center for Public & Human Rights, USA

Speakers:

Christine Monaghan, Research Officer, Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, USA

Zaher Sahloul, Founder, American Relief Coalition for Syria, USA

Rohini Haar, Adjunct Professor, Research Fellow, Human Rights Center University of California, Berkeley, USA

Leonard Rubenstein, Senior Scientist, Johns Hopkins University Center for Public & Human Rights, USA

 


CS08: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Columbia 8/11/12

Confronting Pregnancy in Infectious Disease Epidemics: HIV/AIDS, Zika Virus, and Beyond

Zika has highlighted the profound devastation that can result from infectious disease occurring in pregnancy. One critical challenge is the lack of quality evidence needed to guide clinicians’ and public health ministries’ decisions on the prevention and treatment of these diseases during pregnancy. Pregnant women are routinely excluded from research trials, for instance on dosing, safety, and efficacy of microbicides, vaccines, and second-generation treatments. This panel brings together three experts who have been working to develop ethical pathways to critically needed research in this population. With examples from HIV prevention research and Zika vaccine trials, discussion will outline ethical approaches and creative trial designs.

Moderator: Carleigh Krubiner, Project Director, Berman Institute of Ethics, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Speakers:

Maggie Little, Director, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, USA

Rich Beigi, Associate Professor, Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, USA

Anne Lyerly, Associate Director, Center for Bioethics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

12:30pm – 02:30pm


LUNCH BREAK

Posters, Exhibits, Networking

12:45pm – 01:45pm


ME01: CUGH MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE / PROGRAM ADVISORY SERVICE-HOSTED MIX & MINGLE
Room: Holmead West

Learn more about becoming a CUGH member - and see how your institution can benefit from the Program Advisory Service Mentorship program. Snacks will be provided.

12:45pm – 02:15pm


ME02: LUNCHTIME SATELLITE SESSION / MIX & MINGLE
Room: Embassy

DevelopmentAid Solutions for Tracking Overseas Funding Opportunities

For Universities and Organizations: Learn about advanced online business intelligence tools and best practices in the identification of funding opportunities.

For Academic Institutions, Students and Alumni: Discover the cutting-edge career search tools to secure a job in the international development field via the biggest development information platform.

Video Introduction: https://youtu.be/eddt21CG-uU

01:30pm – 02:30pm


SS01: LUNCHTIME SATELLITE SESSION

Community Health in the SDG Era

This session will set the stage for advancing community health policies and programs within the context of primary care systems as a foundation for driving community engagement in the new UN Global Strategy for Women’s Children’s and Adolescents’ Health. Speakers will characterize the roles of communities as resources in systems to achieve the SDG goals in health and highlight how some countries are working towards sustaining and scaling up partnerships with communities.



02:30pm – 04:00pm



PS02: PLENARY SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom Center

Where Does Global Health Fit in U.S. Foreign Policy and Security Issues?

High-level US engagement and leadership in global health has steadily become more visible elements of US foreign policy and security interests. These investments are increasingly seen as fundamental to advancing U.S. values and its reputation and influence. However, security is an uncomfortable bedfellow with humanitarian interests. High-level leadership and oversight within the executive branch can be weak or inconsistent. Threats can come and go, and attention to global health at high levels can vacillate accordingly. Sustained, long-term progress rests on predictable, multi-year budgets and a durable bipartisan consensus in Congress. A coalition of American interests is essential to sustaining commitments.

Moderator: Stephen Morrison, Senior Vice President, Center for Strategic and International Studies, USA

Speakers: William Steiger, Chief Program Officer, Pink Ribbon Red Ribbon, USA

Amy Pope, Non-Resident Senior Fellow, Adrienne Arsht Center for Resilience, Atlantic Council, USA

Eric Goosby
, Professor, University of California, San Francisco, USA



PS03: PLENARY SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom East

The Ripple Effect: Promoting Female Leadership in Academic Global Health

Gender equity is severely lacking in global health leadership. Among the 194 World Health Organization member states only 54 (28%) of top health officials are women. The underrepresentation of women in global health leadership is a threat to gender equality and impedes the improvement of women’s health outcomes globally. This panel will discuss how to retain and promote women in global health leadership in order to achieve improvement in global health outcomes. Panelists will discuss gender-based barriers that women face along the global health career path. They will discuss their personal experiences in overcoming these barriers, how they have mentored trainees through these challenges, and ways that we, as a field, can make targeted changes to retain and promote female leaders in global health.    

Moderator: Amita Gupta, Associate Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Speakers:

Michele Barry, Director, Stanford University Center for Innovation in Global Health, USA

Yukari Manabe, Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA

Ingrid Katz, Assistant Professor, Harvard University, USA

Jyoti Mathad, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Center for Global Health at Weill Cornell Medicine, USA

04:00pm – 04:30pm


HEALTH BREAK
Rooms:
Columbia West & Concourse Foyer

Exhibits & Network

04:30pm – 06:00pm


CS09: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom East

Building Ethical and Effective Partnerships Between Institutions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) and those in High-Income Countries (HICs)

In the last two decades, the world has witnessed a rapidly changing landscape in global health, characterized by a rapid increase in development or expansion of educational, research and service partnerships between institutions in HICs and those in the LMICs. These developments have brought unprecedented new opportunities and challenges. Many questions have emerged for example what should be responsible and ethical engagement between these institutions, who is benefitting and who is losing out; what ethical concerns need to be addressed, what needs to change in the working relationships in the new era of sustainable development goals and how should these partnerships be evaluated? There is a need to examine these partnerships with the aim of improving these partnerships.

Moderator: Nelson Sewankambo, Professor of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda

Speakers:

E. Oluwabunmi Olapade-Olaopa, Professor of Surgery, University of Ibadan; Executive Secretary, Association of Medical Schools of Africa, Nigeria

Paul Ndebele, Executive Director, Medical Research Council, Zimbabwe

Sharon Rudy, Program Director, Public Health Institute, USA

Majid Sadigh, Associate Professor; Director, Global Health, University of Vermont College of Medicine, USA

Francis Omaswa, Executive Director, ACHEST, Uganda; Chancellor, Busiema University, Uganda

 


CS10: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
International Ballroom West

NIH Fogarty Global Health Program for Fellows and Scholars: Building Research and Leadership Capacity in Global Health

To foster development of the next generation of global health researchers and leaders, the Fogarty International Center and its partners at the NIH funded five consortia of U.S. academic institutions to provide 11-month mentored research training opportunities at international partner institutions in developing countries. Each consortium has developed a unique global health research training program in global health, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, maternal and child health, and non-communicable diseases. The program is open to U.S. and LMIC pre- and postdoctoral trainees in medicine, public health, dentistry, nursing, veterinary medicine, and other health-related disciplines. For this panel, alumni from the five consortia will discuss their research and training experiences.

Moderators: Douglas Heimburger, Associate Director, Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, USA

Lee Riley, Head of Division of Infectious Disease and Vaccinology, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Speakers:

Eric Eisenman, Founder & CEO, International Veterinary Outreach; University of California, Davis, USA

Hod Tamir, Developmental Psychologist and Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, ICAP-Columbia University, USA

Lily Gutnik, Surgery Resident, University of Utah, USA

Rockefeller Oteng, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, USA

Melissa Burroughs Peña, Assistant Professor, University of California, San Francisco, USA

 


CS11: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Lincoln

Translating Research into Action: Reducing Health Risk and Ending Violence Against Girls and Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

Violence against women is both a violation of human rights and a major public health concern worldwide.  It is one of the potential pathways to increased risk for acquisition of HIV and other sexually-transmitted diseases. It was not until recently that systematic study of violence against girls and young women ages eight to 24 years old, has yielded strong quantitative evidence of the extent to which the phenomenon occurs and its impact on the lives of young women and their health.  Policy makers and implementers could close the ‘gap’ between policy and practice by promoting targeted interventions where they will be most effective. Swill be used as a case study to illustrate how research is being translated into action at the level of national policy and response.

Moderator: Francis Barchi, Assistant Professor, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA

Speakers: 

Richard G. Marlink, Director, Rutgers Global Health Institute, The State University of New Jersey, USA

Daniela Ligiero, Director, Together for Girls, Inc., USA

Hlobisile Dlamini, Programme Manager, Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA), Swaziland

 


CS12: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Georgetown

 

Reflections in Global Health: 2017 Essay Contest Reading and Discussion

The essay reading session features the top 8 entries in the fourth annual CUGH Global Health Essay Contest. The essays, while reflecting a wide range of personal and professional impacts, document health inequities and social justice issues from all countries rich and poor. Together, their messages of resilience, courage and fraternity bring hope in the power of all of us to make a difference."

Moderators: Virginia McCarthy, Director, University Ministry, Health Sciences Division, Loyola University, Chicago, USA

Jessica Evert, Executive Director/Faculty, Child Family Health International/University of California, San Francisco, USA

Thuy D. Bui, Global Health and Underserved Populations track Director, UPMC, Internal Medicine Residency Program, USA

Essay Contest Winners

·       A Challenge in Global Health Education: Diversity

by Anu Aryal, MPH-GH candidate at University of Washington, USA

 

·       Journey to the Center of my Hometown’s Facebook Gossip Page
by Emily Jetmore, BA in Anthropology, Mount Holyoke College, USA

           

·       The Sixth Sick Child
by Paula Tavrow, Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, USA

 

Essay Contest Honorable Mentions

 

·       The Foul Liquids
by Sarah Bugg, MD Candidate, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, USA

 

·       Why Are You Doing Global Health?
By Jonathan Steer, Instructor, Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Global Health Innovations and Leadership Fellow, Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Global Health and Human Rights; MPH Candidate, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, USA

 

·       When Stories Are All We Have
by Pooja Parameshwar, BS in Psychobiology and French, UCLA Social Media Coordinator, Medicine for Humanity

Clinical Research Associate, Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, USA

 

·       Shut Up and Let the Women Speak
by Mark Darby, Master of Science of Nursing, Family Nurse Practitioner, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Nursing, USA

 

·       Olumwa: The Dangers of Complacency in Global Health
by Janel Martir, MD candidate, The Robert Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont, USA

 


CS13: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Monroe

Oral Abstract Presentations | Women’s Health is Global Health: Issues Across the Lifespan

Moderator: Susan Cu-Uvin,
Director, Global Health Initiative, Brown University

·       An Intervention to Reduce Sexual Violence on University Campus in Ghana: Beta Testing of Relationship Tidbits at the University of Cape Coast
Sarah Rominski, University of Michigan, USA

 

·       Evaluating the Implementation of an Adapted Safe Childbirth Checklist in Rural Chiapas, Mexico
Rose Molina, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, USA

 

·       Clinical Training and Trainee Follow-Up Systems are Feasible and Effective to Improve Access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraception in Conflict Settings
Ribka Amsalu, Safe the Children, USA

 

·       Characteristics and Early Outcomes of Cervical Cancer Patients at Butaro District Hospital, Rwanda
Sonya Davey,
Perelman School of Medicine, USA

·       Women’s Nutrition and Empowerment: The Role of the Community Infant and Young Child Feeding (C-IYCF) Program in Nigeria
Peggy Koniz-Booher, SPRING Project, USA

 


CS14: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Cabinet

Town Hall with University Government Relations Representatives

Government relations representatives are a key interface between universities and governments. This panel will share information about how legislation is created, and how participants can engage their GR reps and influence public policy development and implementation at a federal level.

Moderator: John Monahan, Senior Advisor on Global Health, Georgetown University, USA

Speakers:

Glynda Becker, Vice President for Governmental Relations and External Affairs, Washington State University, USA

Ross A. Frommer, Vice President for Government and Community Affairs; Associate Dean, Columbia University Medical Center, USA

Beth Ann Felder, Director of Federal Affairs, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Askia Suruma, Director of Federal and International Relations, George Washington University, USA

 


CS15: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Columbia 3/4/6

Climate Change and the Health Benefits of the Sustainable Development Goals: Challenges & Opportunities

The Sustainable Development Goals and associated targets, launched in 2015 with a 2030 endpoint, is an indivisible global plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. Most of the 17 Goals have direct or indirect health benefits. Many are also susceptible to climate related risks and Goal 13 focuses effort to take “urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts”.  The inter-linkages and integrated nature of the Sustainable Development Goals are of crucial importance in ensuring that the purpose of the new Agenda is realized. In this session we focus on identification of the new research questions that are at the intersection of the health benefits of the SDGs and climate variability and change.

Moderator: Madeleine Thomson, Senior Research Scientist, International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University, USA

Speakers:

Madeleine Thomson, Senior Research Scientist, International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University, USA

Tamer Samah Rabie, Lead Health Specialist - Health, Nutrition, Population Global Bractice, World Bank, USA

Sylvain Aldighieri, Unit Chief of International Health Regulations / Epidemic Alert & Response in the Department of Communicable Diseases, PAHO, USA

James McDermott, Director, International Food Policy Research Institute, USA

Wilmot James, Member of Parliament and Shadow Minister of Health, South Africa



CS16: CONCURRENT SESSION
Room:
Columbia 8/11/12

The United States and the Future of Global Health: Report from the National Academies

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine produced two reports, in 1997 and 2009, on the United States’ interest in and commitment to improving human health globally. These reports advised the nation to assume a global health leadership role and highlight health as a pillar of US foreign policy. As increasing globalization, urbanization, and international travel and trade, along with advancing technology and health systems have occurred, The National Academies convened a committee to reassess and update the public and private sector roles in contributing to and deriving benefit from improved global health from the perspective of the new Administration. This panel of committee members will discuss the complexity of prioritizing and maintaining effective investments in global health initiatives in a rapidly changing world.

Moderator: Megan Reeve SnairStudy Director, US and the Future of Global Health, Board on Global Health, Health and Medicine Division, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, USA

Speakers:

Amie Batson,
 Chief Strategy Officer, PATH, USA

Lia Haskin Fernald, Professor, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Michael Merson, Director, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, USA

06:30pm – 08:00pm


CUGH NETWORKING RECEPTION
Room:
International Terrace

 

PROGRAM AGENDA:      Day 1 | Friday, April 7, 2017     •     Day 2 | Saturday, April 8, 2017     •     Day 3 | Sunday, April 9, 2017